The city of Cusco is of great importance when we talk about the history of Peru because it was the political and social center of the Inca culture. With the arrival of the Spaniards and the colonization of this great empire, the city did not diminish in importance, but rather it became a meeting place between two cultures as different as the Inca and the European.
Thus, during the colonial era, the construction of churches in this remarkable place was one of the main activities to carry out the evangelization by the Catholic religion. Today, a visit to the city of Cusco allows us to get to know these great constructions that retain the history, faith, and beauty for those who want to visit them.
- The Cusco Cathedral: One of the most important religious buildings in the city. It was built on top of the Inca Huiracocha’s palace called “Suntur Wasi”. This imposing church preserves a large number of canvases from the Cusqueña School of Art, as well as high quality carvings in wood and granite. It is worth mentioning that in many instances it can be seen that Cusco artists infiltrated elements of their polytheistic religion within Catholic paintings. For example, they included animals that were important within their cosmovision, such as the vizcacha, in scenes as well known as The Last Supper.
- The Company of Jesus: Also located in the Plaza de Armas of the city. It was built by the Jesuit order on top of the “Amarucancha” palace belonging to the Inca Huayna Capac. This temple is part of the Andean Baroque Route, (insertar link al blog del Barroco Andino) and is considered one of the most beautiful constructions within this tradition throughout the continent. Here you can see different canvases and, most of all finely worked altars covered in gold leaf.
- Qoricancha. This ancient Inca temple still retains its original Quechua name which means Golden Enclosure or Palace– it was the Temple of the Sun for the Inca. Here we can find a chapel called “Santo Domingo” coexisting with pre-Hispanic buildings that, unlike the other palaces, were not completely destroyed. A visit to this place is highly recommended due to the beauty and conservation of its structures. We will tell you much more about the Qoricancha in another of our articles, so be sure to visit our blog.
- The Church of San Blas: Located in the popular neighborhood of the same name, it is one of the oldest churches in the city. The style is baroque and, in the same way as the others, it was built on top of an Inca sanctuary dedicated to the god Illapa, or thunder. Its main attraction is the pulpit carved out of cedar wood.
We hope you enjoyed learning a little more about the churches in the city of Cusco. We invite you to visit this historic place and discover this blending of traditions for yourself. If you have any questions or comments, do not forget to leave them, and if you would like to use any of our services, please send us an email to email@example.com.